Sustainable buildings are a relatively new form of the architectural and structural method of making the building self-sufficient. A sustainable building is called sustainable only if it uses renewable natural resources and a proper waste management system.
Sustainable buildings can work in whole or in part even when wired out of the grid. Such systems will produce their own energy using renewable resources like solar, wind, biofuel, etc. In order to be called a sustainable (green) building, a building has to meet several requirements. Some of these are the specifications:
- Waste Management
Waste can be loosely classified as solid and liquid municipal waste, waste from demolition and waste from farming. The treatment of waste recovery, recycling and transfer must be carried out in compliance with the regulation. For Instance, gray water systems for sewage reduction using plants and composting toilets.
- Energy Production
The energy generated must be from the use of renewable resources. The main types of renewable methods of generating energy are solar panels for electricity or solar panels for heating water, biogas, hydro, geothermal, etc.
Solar, Biogas, and wind are most popular among this option on a building scale. Each approach has its own evaluation criteria and is selected with respect to the quality of the site.
- Sustainable Construction Material
The use of recycled or secondhand material is often included in sustainable products. Other products include asphalt, recycled fabric, fiberglass blown in, and so on.
- Rain Water Harvesting
Is the use of a large tank to collect rainwater rather than allowing it to run off. Rain can be collected at various parts of the building but the primary source is the roof. The diversion system should be built into the collection tank design.
Overall, our country’s buildings are not sustainable, with sustainability in mind, we should retrofit these structures. It is known that our country has 13 months of sunshine, We should use this resource and generate energy through every building.
There is also no division of recyclable and non-recyclable waste in our region. Recyclable waste is usually non-degrading, environmentally harmful waste.
Finally, the finishing materials can come from other demolished structures and so on.